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After the Smoke Clears: A Look at the Fire Recovery Process

When it comes to writing a good disaster recovery plan (DRP), knowledge is power. After all, key steps in the recovery process will inform what’s possible in terms of restoring part or all of your business operations as soon as possible. That’s why we want to give you an insider’s look into the fire recovery process.

As with most types of disasters, the damages from a fire may vary widely, depending on building- and situation-specific considerations. Yet in many cases, the series of response and restoration steps that immediately follow a fire are similar from incident to incident. Here are some of the common steps along with brief explanations for why they are important.

Safety Assessment
The first and most important step after any fire is an assessment of building safety. Experts need to look for structural issues along with other dangers, such as asbestos or chemicals that could harm people reentering the building. They also need to determine if anything in the building requires special disposal considerations.

Securing the Property
Since fires are often high-visibility incidents that leave parts of buildings open and exposed, it’s important to quickly secure the area. Otherwise, curious onlookers, employees or even looters could enter unsafe areas.

Preventing Additional Damage
Before the real restoration work can begin, you may need to take steps to prevent further damage from the elements to exposed areas of a building. For example, insulating newly exposed pipes from freezing, during cold winter months.

Damage Assessment
A full damage assessment can’t begin until officials determine the building is safe. Only then can experts look more closely at potential damage to building features, such as the HVAC and electrical systems and determine what property, documents and goods might be salvageable.

Clean Up
Since the damage from smoke and water increases quickly with time, restoration providers aim to start the clean-up process as soon as it is safely possible. The process itself can involve a host of steps, usually starting with addressing water or chemical damage from sprinklers and other fire-fighting efforts. Restoration teams may use cleaning agents and structure cleaning solutions in an attempt to salvage flooring, furniture and any equipment or other items impacted by soot and smoke. It’s especially important to begin document and book recovery processes as quickly as possible, since paper begins to disintegrate as soon as it is exposed to water.

Deodorization is one of the most important steps in the fire recovery process because odors can have a lasting impact on employees and customers. Depending on the extent of the damage, all of these steps can take time so it’s important to be aware.

Reentry or Retrieval Coordination
One of the first things that people want to know after a fire is extinguished is when they can go back in to check on key business assets and get their stuff. The timing always depends on site-specific circumstances and environmental factors, such as whether or not asbestos or dangerous chemicals are present. In the case of a fire, there is always the possibility that some or all items may not be recoverable. And in many cases, the recovery may need to involve coordination with hygienists and other specialists. 

… And That’s Just the Beginning

Clearly, recovering from a fire can involve a lot of work. And while a good restoration provider can often move quickly to help you get part or all of business operations moving again, your contingency plans will also be critical to the speed with which you are able to get back to normal. After all, if your team doesn’t have an action plan in place, you’ll be scrambling just to figure out things like who should be coordinating with your insurance broker and managing communications, rather than taking the steps needed to get on the road to recovery.



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